TLAXCALA تلاكسكالا Τλαξκάλα Тлакскала la red internacional de traductores por la diversidad lingüística le réseau international des traducteurs pour la diversité linguistique the international network of translators for linguistic diversity الشبكة العالمية للمترجمين من اجل التنويع اللغوي das internationale Übersetzernetzwerk für sprachliche Vielfalt a rede internacional de tradutores pela diversidade linguística la rete internazionale di traduttori per la diversità linguistica la xarxa internacional dels traductors per a la diversitat lingüística översättarnas internationella nätverk för språklig mångfald شبکه بین المللی مترجمین خواهان حفظ تنوع گویش το διεθνής δίκτυο των μεταφραστών για τη γλωσσική ποικιλία международная сеть переводчиков языкового разнообразия Aẓeḍḍa n yemsuqqlen i lmend n uṭṭuqqet n yilsawen dilsel çeşitlilik için uluslararası çevirmen ağı

 17/12/2018 Tlaxcala, the international network of translators for linguistic diversity Tlaxcala's Manifesto  
English  
 UNIVERSAL ISSUES 
UNIVERSAL ISSUES / Tax evasion: blacklist of 21 countries with 'golden passport' schemes published
Date of publication at Tlaxcala: 19/10/2018
Translations available: Français  Español 

Tax evasion: blacklist of 21 countries with 'golden passport' schemes published

Juliette Garside

 

A blacklist of 21 countries whose so-called “golden passport” schemes threaten international efforts to combat tax evasion has been published by the west’s leading economic thinktank.

Three European countries – Malta, Monaco and Cyprus – are among those nations flagged as operating high-risk schemes that sell either residency or citizenship in a report released on Tuesday by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.

The Paris-based body has raised the alarm about the fast-expanding $3bn (£2.3bn) citizenship by investment industry, which has turned nationality into a marketable commodity.

In exchange for donations to a sovereign trust fund, or investments in property or government bonds, foreign nationals can become citizens of countries in which they have never lived. Other schemes, such as that operated by the UK, offer residency in exchange for sizable investments.

The programme operated by Malta is particularly popular because as a European member state its nationals, including those who buy citizenship, can live and work anywhere in the EU. The country has, since 2014, sold citizenship to more than 700 people, most of them from Russia, the former Soviet bloc, China and the Middle East.

But concern is growing among political leaders, law enforcement and intelligence agencies that the schemes are open to abuse by criminals and sanctions-busting business people.

Transparency International and Global Witness, in a joint report published last week, described how

the EU had gained nearly 100,000 new residents and 6,000 new citizens in the past decade through poorly managed arrangements that were “shrouded in secrecy”.

Also on the OECD blacklist are a handful of Caribbean nations that pioneered the modern-day methods for the marketing of citizenship. These include Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Dominica, Grenada, St Lucia, and St Kitts and Nevis, which has sold 16,000 passports since relaunching its programme in 2006.

After analysing residence and citizenship schemes operated by 100 countries, the OECD says it is naming those jurisdictions that attract investors by offering low personal tax rates on income from foreign financial assets, while also not requiring an individual to spend a significant amount of time in the country.

Second passports can be misused by those wishing to “hide assets held abroad”, according to the thinktank. Its flagship initiative is a framework for countries to cooperate in the fight against tax evasion by sharing information. Known as the Common Reporting Standard, the framework allows for details of bank accounts an individual might hold abroad to be sent to their home tax office.

The OECD believes the ease with which the wealthiest individuals can obtain another nationality is undermining information sharing. If a UK national declares themselves as Cypriot, for example, information about their offshore bank accounts could be shared with Cyprus instead of Britain’s HM Revenue and Customs.

“Schemes can potentially be abused to misrepresent an individual’s jurisdiction of tax residence,” the OECD warned.
The final names on the list are Bahrain, Colombia, Malaysia, Mauritius, Montserrat, Panama, Qatar, Seychelles, Turks and Caicos Islands, United Arab Emirates and Vanuatu.

Together with the results of the analysis, the OECD is also publishing practical guidance that will enable financial institutions to identify and prevent cases of avoidance through the use of such schemes, by making sure that foreign income is reported to the actual jurisdiction of residence.

Residence/Citizenship by investment schemes

 

Jurisdiction

Name of CBI/RBI scheme

Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda Citizenship by Investment

Antigua and Barbuda

Permanent Residence Certificate

Bahamas

Bahamas Economic Permanent Residency

Bahrain

Bahrain Residence by Investment

Barbados

Special Entry and Residence Permit

Colombia

Migrant (M) Visa – Category 6 or Category 10

Colombia

Residence Visa by Investment (R visa)

Cyprus

Citizenship by Investment: Scheme for Naturalisation of Investors in Cyprus by Exception

Cyprus

Residence by Investment

Dominica

Citizenship by Investment

Grenada

Grenada Citizenship by Investment

Malaysia

Malaysia My Second Home Programme

Malta

Malta Individual Investor Programme

Malta

Malta Residence and Visa Programme

Mauritius

Occupation Permit/Permanent Residence Permit

Montserrat

Economic Residency Programme of Montserrat

Panama

Friendly Nations Visa

Panama

Economic Solvency Visa

Panama

Reforestation Investor Visa

Qatar

Investor Residence Visa

Qatar

Residence Visa for Real Estate Owner

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Citizenship by Investment

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Residence by Investment

Saint Lucia

Citizenship by Investment Saint Lucia

Seychelles

Type 1 Investor Visa

Seychelles

Type 2 Investor Visa

Turks and Caicos Islands

Permanent Residence Certificate via Undertaking and Investment in a Home

Turks and Caicos Islands

Permanent Residence Certificate via Undertaking and Investment in a Business

Turks and Caicos Islands

Permanent Residence Certificate via Investment in a Designated Public Sector Project

Turks and Caicos Islands

Permanent Residence Certificate via Investment in a Home or Business

United Arab Emirates

UAE Residence by Investment

Vanuatu

Development Support Programme

Vanuatu

Self-Funded Visa

Vanuatu

Land-Owner Visa

Vanuatu

Investor Visa

 





Courtesy of The Guardian
Source: https://www.theguardian.com/business/2018/oct/16/tax-evasion-oecd-blacklist-of-21-countries-with-golden-passport-schemes-published?CMP=twt_gu&fbclid=IwAR0dv3LNiu9COUvdKyrkeoe1ybpb1TRddhN7HqZOqi8XhJk3PzU2G4NBPxE
Publication date of original article: 16/10/2018
URL of this page : http://www.tlaxcala-int.org/article.asp?reference=24370

 

Tags: Golden passportsTax evasionsOECDTax HeavensWhite-collar criminals
 

 
Print this page
Print this page
Send this page
Send this page


 All Tlaxcala pages are protected under Copyleft.