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 IMAGE AND SOUND 
IMAGE AND SOUND / Bruce Springsteen sings Victor Jara's Manifiesto in Santiago de Chile
Date of publication at Tlaxcala: 15/09/2013
Translations available: Français  Español  Português/Galego  عربي 

Bruce Springsteen sings Victor Jara's Manifiesto in Santiago de Chile

TLAXCALA ΤΛΑΞΚΑΛΑ ТЛАКСКАЛА تلاكسكالا 特拉科斯卡拉

 

Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band began the final leg of their 2013 Wrecking Ball tour with a 29-song, three-hour-and-10-minute show at the Movistar Arena in Santiago, Chile on Thursday night.

It was the first of four shows in South America, ending with the Rock in Rio festival on Sept. 21. The last and only time Springsteen played in South America was in September of 1988 when he had three shows there on the "Amnesty International — Human Rights Now!" tour.

It was a standard set list but the encores began with a surprise. With just Nils Lofgren on acoustic guitar and Curt Ramm on trumpet, Bruce performed in Spanish a song written by Victor Jara called "Manifiesto."

It was one of the latest songs Jara wrote before he was murdered in Pinochet's September 1973 coup in Chile. Victor Jara was a Chilean folk singer, teacher, theatre director, poet, singer-songwriter, political activist and member of the Communist Party of Chile.

On the morning of September 12, 1973 Jara was taken, along with thousands of others, as a prisoner to the Chile Stadium (renamed the Estadio Víctor Jara in September 2003). In the hours and days that followed, many of those detained in the stadium were tortured and killed there by the military forces. Jara was repeatedly beaten and tortured; the bones in his hands were broken as were his ribs. Fellow political prisoners have testified that his captors mockingly suggested that he play guitar for them as he lay on the ground with broken hands. Defiantly, he sang part of "Venceremos" (We Will Win), a song supporting the Popular Unity coalition. After further beatings, he was machine-gunned on September 16, his body dumped on a road on the outskirts of Santiago and then taken to a city morgue where 44 bullets were found in his body.

On December 3, 2009, a massive funeral took place in the "Galpón Víctor Jara" across from "Plaza Brasil". Jara's remains were honoured by thousands. His remains were re-buried in the same place he was buried in 1973. On December 28, 2012 a judge in Chile ordered the arrest of eight former army officers for alleged involvement in the murder of Victor Jara. He issued an international arrest warrant for one of them, Pedro Barrientos Núñez, accused of shooting Jara in the head during a torture session. Barrientos lives in Florida and US authorities have failed to comply with the warrant.
On September 4th, 2013, the Center for Justice and Accountability filed suit in US court against Pedro Barrientos, on behalf of Victor Jara's widow and children. The suit accuses Pedro Barrientos of arbitrary detention; cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment; extrajudicial killing; and crimes against humanity under the Alien Tort Statute (ATS); and of torture and extrajudicial judicial killing under the Torture Victim Protection Act (TVPA), in connection with the death of Víctor Jara. The complaint alleges that Barrientos is liable for Víctor Jara’s death as a direct perpetrator, as well as a commander, and an indirect collaborator to the crimes at Chile Stadium.
 

 

Manifiesto

Yo no canto por cantar
ni por tener buena voz
canto porque la guitarra
tiene sentido y razón,
tiene corazón de tierra
y alas de palomita,
es como el agua bendita
santigua glorias y penas,
aquí se encajó mi canto
como dijera Violeta
guitarra trabajadora
con olor a primavera.

Que no es guitarra de ricos
ni cosa que se parezca
mi canto es de los andamios
para alcanzar las estrellas,
que el canto tiene sentido
cuando palpita en las venas
del que morirá cantando
las verdades verdaderas,
no las lisonjas fugaces
ni las famas extranjeras
sino el canto de una alondra
hasta el fondo de la tierra.

Ahí donde llega todo
y donde todo comienza
canto que ha sido valiente
siempre será canción nueva.

 

Manifesto

I don't sing just to sing
neither because i have a good voice.
I sing because the guitar
makes sense and has a reason,
It has a heart made of earth
and wings of a little dove,
It's like holy water
it blesses glories and sadness
Here my singing got stucked
just like Violeta used to say,
a working guitar
with a spring smell.

A guitar that doesn't belong to the rich ones
nor anything like it.
My singing comes from the scaffoldings
used to reach the stars.
Because singing makes sense
when the veins palpitate
from whom will die singing
the truthful truth
not the brief flattering
or the foreign fames
but the singing of a lark instead
until the bottom of the earth.

There where everything arrives
and where everything begins
The song that has been brave
will always remain as 'canción nueva'*

*new song: movement in Latin-American folk music in the 60's.

 





Courtesy of Tlaxcala
Publication date of original article: 12/09/2013
URL of this page : http://www.tlaxcala-int.org/article.asp?reference=10566

 

Tags: Bruce Springsteen Victor JaraChileAbya YalaLatin AmericaProtest song
 

 
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